Project Management

Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, and managing resources to bring about the
successful completion of specific project goals and objectives. A project is a temporary endeavor, having a
defined beginning and end, undertaken to meet particular goals and objectives, usually to bring about
beneficial change or added value. The temporary nature of projects stands in contrast to business as usual (or
operations), which are repetitive, permanent or semi-permanent functional work to produce products or
services. In practice, the management of these two systems is often found to be quite different, and as such
requires the development of distinct technical skills and the adoption of separate management. The primary
challenge of project management is to achieve all of the project goals and objectives while honoring the
preconceived project constraints. Typical constraints are scope, time, and budget. The secondary—and more
ambitious—challenge is to optimize the allocation and integration of inputs necessary to meet pre-defined